What is Ortodontics?
The word orthodontia is made up of two Greek words.’Ortho’ means straight,”Dontia” means teeth.Orthodontics does not only mean smooth teeth.Orthodontics is a branch of science that deals with diagnosis, treatment and prevention of jaw, teeth and facial disorders.Orthodontic treatment helps the development of the jaw in small children and the teeth to be in the right positions.In adults, the improvement of existing distortion and closing irregularities also ensures correction of jaw facial disorders.
You can have a healthier mouth with orthodontic treatment,a more impressive look and teeth that will stay in your mouth for longer. In addition, orthodontia; In the treatment of jaw and facial disorders that occur congenital or later, it collaborates with various branches of medicine and dentistry.
Orthodontic treatment performed by who?
Orthodontic treatments should be performed by specialist physicians who have received the title of “Orthodontist” by completing orthodontic specialization training for at least 4 years following 5 years of dentistry training.
Who is orthodontist?
Orthodontist is orthodontic disorders and treatments dentists who have studied expertise on it.After 5 years of dentistry training, at least 4 years of Orthodontic specialization or accepted to doctorate program, as a result of this process, people who have passed the necessary examinations by preparing a dissertation become orthodontic specialists.Orthodonti expertise requires long-term training and experience.
How to treat orthodontics?
Orthodontic treatment is performed with the help of various apparatuses that can be fixed or removed from the teeth or into the jawbone.The shape of these apparatuses is not optional, it is determined according to the requirements of the treatment.
The removable devices, which are mostly used during the mixed teething period between the ages of 7 and 12, help jaw development and provide the continuation of permanent teeth.
2.FIXED ORTHODONTIC DEVICES
Metal Braces:These braces are the most commonly used orthodontic devices. These braces, which stick to the teeth one by one,move the teeth due to the orthodontic wires passing through them.
Transparent Braces: These braces, made of tooth color or fully transparent material, work in the same principle as metal braces.The most important difference is that it less visible. It is also mostly used in adults for more maintenance and attention.
Lingual braces:These braces are fixed metal braces adhesive to the inner surface of the teeth. The most important feature is that it is never seen from the outside.Due to differences in treatment technique, treatment times are longer than the braces performed from the front.
3.INVISALIGN ORTHODONTIC TREATMENTS
These treatments it is applied in the form of correcting tooth distortions using a series of transparent plaques.Teeth, which are gradually corrected in the computer environment, are corrected by these plaques that are not visible from the outside. These plaques are removed only for food and brushing,other than that,it wears around all the time. It is used only in patients with dental distortion and is not suitable for use in disorders in the facial system of the jaw.
Why should we be treat orthodontics?
Most individuals first apply to orthodontist,with aesthetic anxiety due to dental distortion. However, dental distortion cause many problems as well as aesthetics is the one. Closing disorders called malocclusion not only cause aesthetic problems, but also cause chewing and speech disorders
It is more difficult to provide oral hygiene with crowded teeth, so caries develop more readily.In the same way, plaque accumulation increases in the interfaces, with the receding gums, gum diseases occur.
Due to the crowding of teeth, the upper and lower teeth cannot close normally,the force cannot be transferred in a normal way to the jaw bones,therefore the joints.This causes joint problems (clicking sounds when opening or closing the mouth) to occur.
Especially in children or individuals with the upper jaw or upper teeth further forward than its should be, it has been observed that trauma (such as falls, ball strokes) affects the front teeth more and often leads to losses in the front teeth.
Especially in individuals who have more cavity-than it should be- between the upper and lower front teeth, it becomes difficult to pronounce some sounds and this can lead to speech disorders.
As a result of the mismatch between the jaws and teeth, sometimes the teeth can’t find a place and stay buried. Impacted teeth can melt the roots of adjacent teeth or cysts may occur around impacted teeth and lead to pathological consequences.
Orthodontic treatment should be considered as some kind of vaccine. Like vaccinations to protect our children from diseases ,children whose teeth and jaw structures are idealized by orthodontic treatment, the risk of developing dental and jaw diseases during their lives are reduced.
A beautiful smile and beautiful teeth will increase one’s self-confidence as well as have a positive effect on their social life. The importance of a beautiful smile and aesthetics is inevitable in the individual’s place in society.
When should we go to the orthodontist?
Adult dentition teeth in children start to grow when they are 6 months old and are completed around 2.5 years old.Adult teeth begin to grow at the age of 6-7 and continue until they are 12 years old.During this period,that is to say with the adult teeth starting to grow up, it is useful to diagnose possible orthodontic problems and if have,performed an orthodontic examination to stop it.Early response may be required in jaw disorders between the ages of 7-8 years.If only the teeth are irregular,it is generally expected to complete permanent dentition period for treatment. In adult patients, teeth can always be moved, but it should be noted that increasing age will reduce the duration of treatment and tolerance for treatment.
What is the duration of orthodontic treatments?
The duration of orthodontic treatments varies depending on the individual and the shape of the treatment to be performed. Treatment of disorders that about only teeth is shorter than the treatment of disorders teeth and jaw.Orthodontic and orthopedic treatments can be positive results on average 6-24 months .The decrease or increase in the duration of treatment also depends on the individual receiving treatment. Maintaining the health of the teeth and gums during treatment, avoiding foods that should not be eaten,properly use of the walksplint applied in the treatment are the factors that affect the duration of treatment.
How often is necessary to go to the controls during treatment?
During orthodontic treatment, checks are carried out at an average period of 4-6 weeks, provided that it is more frequent in the beginning stages.
Is in pain or ache during or after orthodontic treatment?
You are not get hurt in any way when braces are put into your teeth.
During the monthly periods that you come to check,the archwires on your teeth will be changed and applied force again so it is normal to feel a slight sensitivity.
What should be done for the maintenance of braces and oral care?
The most important thing to pay attention to during the treatment is the brushing of the teeth immediately after eating, no matter what is eaten. After each brushing, carefully checked in the mirror whether around the braces are adequately cleaned. Braces have a very suitable design for food particles and bacterial plaque accumulation. In addition to brushing teeth, the braces and teeth should be thoroughly cleaned once a day with flossing or interdental brush in the evening. In addition,the control of the teeth and gums absolutely be done once in 6 months and the maintenance should be done if necessary.
What should be paid attention to during treatment?
The most important factor in the treatment process is the harmony of the Patient-Doctor-Family triangle. The appointment days given during the treatment should be observed and the duties and responsibilities given by the doctor must be fulfilled. One of the most important factors for the success of treatment is dental and oral care. The health of the teeth and gums directly affects the success and duration of treatment.
During treatment, hard foods such as apples and carrots should not be eaten by biting. It is necessary to eat such foods by dissecting them into small pieces. In addition, it is also better not to eat the sandwich and hamburger type foods consumed by biting during treatment. It is not appropriate to eat nuts such as hazelnuts,walnuts and nutrients such as cherries, plums, olives without removing the seeds, as they are likely to damage the braces in the mouth.
Is there an age limit to orthodontic treatment? Can orthodontic treatment be applied at any age?
There is no age limit for orthodontic treatment.The age is not important in dental corrections,orthodontic treatment can be applied to anyone whose bones around the teeth are healthy. No matter how old the patient is, the dental distortions can be corrected.
However, if the invidual has an irregularity in the jaw bones (upper or lower jaw,ahead or behind of other) orthodopedic treatment is required in this case and the timing of this treatment can be decided after the patient is examined one-on-one.